Off-road car in extreme conditions

Drive slowly and carefully in off-road areas. If the condition of the way forward is in doubt, you have to stop the car and go for a while checking the terrain. If necessary, the car may follow the walker leading it. Always adjust the tires to the appropriate conditions, for example, an icy or snowy road. On slippery ground, it is recommended to reduce tire pressure. However, you have to remember to pump them up after returning to the beaten track. Before the trip, the car should be inspected technically.

Muddy roads

Be careful when driving, in order not to skid and damage the vehicle with stones, hang on uneven surfaces or bury them in the boggy ground. It's best to stay in the middle of the road; do not forget about the advantages of four-wheel drive. You can turn it off then, when the road surface allows it. This saves fuel and tires.

Drive through the water

Drive slowly through the water, with constant speed. Before driving into it, fill the holes with plugs, through which water could enter, and cover the engine cables and electrical equipment with a tarpaulin. Leave the vents open. Do not stop while negotiating a water obstacle.

On the sand

Sand can form an equal, compacted surface, as well as forming into boggy dunes and pits. Stones often get stuck in the sand, which may damage the oil pan or tank. Driving on smooth and hard sand, be vigilant and do not over speed.

PRACTICAL TIPS

Before you go on tour every day:

■ Check the fuel level, oil, water in the radiator, brake fluid and electrolyte.

■ Start the engine and let it warm up.

■ Check the condition of the tires, make sure, that the wheel bolts are tightened, check lights and fastening of any external devices.

■ Test the brakes. Look under the bonnet, check for oil or water leaks, and that the exhaust pipe is not obstructed.

PULLING THE VEHICLE OUT OF THE MUD

1 If the car gets stuck in the mud on its axles, sand or snow, and four-wheel drive doesn't help, you can try to rock it forward and backward by alternating reverse and first gear. One of the people may be pushing the car in the rear, while first gear is engaged. This maneuver should not be performed when the engine speed is too high, because the wheels will get stuck even more.

2 If the method described above does not work, you have to partially dig out the wheels and remove some dirt in front of them. Then gently move forward and backward. This should also be done without running the engine too high, because the wheels will spin.

3 If that doesn't help, boards should be placed under the wheels, pieces of wood; also a blanket or rubber rugs from the car, which will give the wheels better grip. Move slowly. It may be, that the boards have to be moved when they come out of the mud.
The boards placed under the front wheels harden the ground, after which the car can leave.

PULLING A CAR WITH A TREE

Tie the rope to a tree or other solid point in front of the car. Lead it over the wooden beam, that it does not cut into the marshy ground. Move slowly while pulling yourself out of the mud. The beam prevents the line from cutting into the boggy ground.