Jawa motorcycle manufacturer
The name of the youngest Czechoslovak motorcycle company founded in 1929 the year comes from the abbreviation of the names Janećek and Wanderer (the former name of the label sounded – Zbrojovka Ing. F. Janećek, Prague-Nusle II).
The initiator of the production of motorcycles (and soon also small cars) Jawa brand was Eng. Franciszek Janećek. After studying engineering, Janećek, as an extremely gifted mechanic, left (at the age of 23 years) shipped to the Netherlands, where he helped build, and then he ran a factory of electric machines. After his return, he headed the workshop at the Ćeskomoravska Kolben-Danek factory. W 1906 He managed to sell a patent for an improved arc lamp in Germany. The obtained money allowed him a two-year internship in famous European factories. Soon he set up his own workshop and experimental laboratory, where he conducted his inventive activity. He won the first prize from the Lyrophon company in Berlin for a camera for photographic recording and sound reproduction. During and after World War I, he worked in the arms industry.
W 1929 year, after the limitation of military orders, Janećek decided to start producing motorcycles. The domestic supply of motorcycles was small at that time, therefore the Czechoslovak market was "flooded."” mainly American and English machines. In order to accelerate the start of production, Janećek decided (due to the lack of design experience) produce, under license, German Wanderer motorcycle. For this purpose, he expanded his workshop, and in Tyniec on the Sasau he built a light metal foundry.
The economic crisis at the end of the 1920s discouraged buyers from buying motorcycles with a larger capacity, therefore in 1932 In 2011, the production of a lightweight motorcycle with a Villiers two-stroke single-cylinder engine began in Java (English construction) with displacement 175 cm3. As it turned out, it was the right decision, which ensured the success of the company's products.
Except for motorcycles with two-stroke engines, in the years 1929-1939, many models of touring and speedway motorcycles with four-stroke single-cylinder or two-cylinder engines left the factory, with OHV and OHC overhead valve. Some of them were mass-produced.
Jawa took an active part in sports competitions, and her successes in the Tourist Trophy, in Sześciodniówce, or in the Golden Helmet of Czechoslovakia they add splendor to the history of this company.