XVII century – an anonymous painter painted on the window glass in the church of St.. Gides in Stoke Poges, England, a wooden two-wheeler.
1771 - Partly de Sivrac, French nobleman, He appeared in the Paris gardens of the Palais Royal on a wooden frame with two wheels, first named celerifere, and after the French revolution - velocifere.
1817 - Karl Drais from Sauerbronn, the German baron patented a velocifere with a steerable front wheel and called it laufmaschine. The popular name of the draisine has been adopted (balance bike).
1838 – The Scottish blacksmith Kirkpatric Macmillan of Courthill made a lever mechanism to transfer the movement of the legs to the rear wheel.
1845 – Englishman R.. W. Thomson invented the rubber rims for the wheels.
1850 - German student Philip Heinrich Fischer from Schweinfurt and, regardless of it, French cyclist Ernest Michaux, equipped the trolley with pedals on the front wheel.
1860 – Scottish mechanic Mac Donald introduced a tubular frame.
1861 - Series production of bicycles begins.
1867 - Madison introduced wire spokes.
- Ball and roller bearings were used for the first time at the bicycle races from Paris to Rouen.
1868 - German mechanic K.. Meyer built, according to the plans of the Parisian watchmaker Andre Guilmet, the first rear-wheel chain drive bike.
1869 - The bike is equipped with a sprung saddle and a brake on the rear wheel.
- Frenchman Mayer built the first metal bicycle.
- After much experimentation, the first self-propelled single-track vehicle is created - Michaux-Perreaux with a steam engine.
1870 - The Englishman Couper improved the spoke arrangement from radial to tangential, crossed - the compressive stress has changed to tensile stress.
1873 – Englishman L.. H. Lawson placed the pedals in the frame between the wheels.
1882 - De Dion-Bouton and Trepardoux set up the first plant to produce steam vehicles, including tricycles.
1885 — James K. Starley z firmy Starley & Sutton in Coventry introduced the so-called. Rover Safety Bicycle, Rover for short. The saddle was above the rear wheel, both wheels had the same diameter.
- The English bicycle company Humber used a trapezoidal frame for the first time, consisting of two connected triangles.
- Gottlieb Daimler fastened, as a test, vertical combustion engine on a wooden frame, thus creating the first motorcycle, similar in design assumptions to today.
1888 Irish vet John Dunlop put rubber tires filled with air on the wheels of his son's bicycle.
1889 – Hildebrand's first steam motorcycle is built.
1892 - Heinrich Hildebrand, Munich constructor, demonstrates a bicycle powered by a two-stroke engine.
1893 — E. J. Pennington built the first motorcycle in America with a two-cylinder combustion engine.
- French designer Millet built a two-wheeled vehicle with a starry one, five-cylinder engine, located in the rear wheel hub. It was the first time that he used twisted handles, air filter and heating the suction mixture.
- Italian Bernardi joined the bike with a one-wheeled trailer with a motor, which actually pushed the bike forward.
1894 – At Hildebrand & Wolfmuller started mass production of two-track vehicles with internal combustion engines, described for the first time as a motorcycle (not M. motorcycle).
1895 – Sir David Salomon organized an exhibition of horse-drawn vehicles in Tunbridge Wells, England, which also exhibited two motorcycles-three-wheelers: marki De Dion-Bouton oraz firmy Gladiateur Company.
1897 – The Werner brothers presented a light motorcycle with an engine located above the front wheel.
1898 - In Germany, the first races were organized on the route Berlin -Potsdam in length 54 km.
1900 – The English company Phelon & Moore at Cleckheaton built the first chain drive motorcycle.
1902 – The French company Clement built the first racing motorcycle with a four-cylinder V-engine with a capacity 1000 cm3, which reached the maximum speed 115 km/h.
– After trials of many inventors - Robert Bosch developed a high voltage spark gap, enabling the mixture to be ignited with a spark plug.
1903 – The English manufacturer Ashburn from Leeds used it in his motorcycle with a Minerva engine, the rear fork is sprung by a vertical coil spring.
– The Auto Cycle Club and the motorcycle magazine The Motor Cycle were founded in London.
1904 – Moto Club de France organized the famous Coupe Internationale motorcycle race.
– An international federation of cyclists and motorcyclists was founded in the Czech city of Pacov – Ficm.
– A motorcycle from the Belgian company FN appeared at the exhibition in Paris, with inline, vertical four-cylinder engine; the American Staffey with a water-cooled engine and the engine of the French company Griffon, with removable head.
– In England, it circulated the roads 25 000 motorcycles.
– The German motorcycle organization was founded and started its activity by organizing the Frankfurt-Potsdam races, in which they participated 113 motorcycles.