NORTON – year 1907
Manufacturer: Norton Manufacturing Co., Birmingham, Anglia
International cup motorcycle racing – International Motorcycle Cup (then unofficial world championships) - took place in the years 1904 i 1905 in the French city of Dourdan. This event encouraged English activists, who at a meeting at the editorial office of The Motor Cycle in London (w 1906 year) decided to organize a similar big motorcycle race on English soil. However, the then regulations limited the maximum speed of motor vehicles traveling on the roads of England to 32 km/h. A solution to this problem was therefore feverishly sought. After talks with the Isle of Man authorities, members of the Auto Cycle Club obtained permission to organize races on a route 24 km. In this way, the most popular races in the world were initiated, known as Tourist Trophy, referred to by motorcyclists with the abbreviation TT, where the Norton brand celebrated its greatest victories and successes.
In the first race, w 1907 year, won (in all categories) Rembrandt Fowler on a Norton motorcycle. It was specially prepared for races, massive machine with two cylinders, a V-type Peugeot four-stroke engine, of a capacity 726 cm3 and almost power 3,7 kW (5 KM). The inlet valves of this power unit worked automatically, exhaust valves were actuated by pushrods. The motorcycle did not have a gearbox, and the rear wheel drive carried the belt. The mixture in the cylinders was ignited by a magneto. Simple tubular frame, bicycle type, was equipped with a front suspension with a swinging fork. The manual block brake only acted on the front wheel. The motorcycle was developing speed 100 km/h. Fowler achieved moderate speed over the rough mountainous terrain of the Isle of Man 58 km / h with the fastest lap over 69 km/h (this rider was one of the most interesting characters in the legendary TT racing, although it was his first and last victory; he participated in later competitions only as a spectator, regularly, until his death in 1966 year - at the age of 85 years).
Despite the achievements in the Tourist Trophy, Norton is giving up the outdated Peugeot Forklift, two-cylinder engine and is developing a new one – single cylinder with a lower valve timing. This new one, The outstanding power unit allowed Norton motorcycles to maintain their first place in the competition in the Tourist Trophy.