HORSE CARRIAGE WITH PETROLEUM ENGINE – year 1885
Manufacturer: Daimler Motor Company, Cannstatt, Germany
At the time when Karol Benz was constructing the v 1885 year (w Mannheim) your motor tricycle, Gottlieb Daimler from Cannsttat was testing his own internal combustion engine. For this, he built it into the simplest, wooden two-wheeled chassis and somehow unknowingly became the creator of the motorcycle, the essential design features of which - an internal combustion engine located centrally between the wheels of the same diameter, vertical cylinder and rear wheel drive - almost survived 100 years.
Daimler's motorcycle had a single cylinder engine, four-stroke, with glow ignition (from the incandescent tube), with displacement 264 cm3 and power 0,37 kW (0,5 KM) at 700 rpm. A hand crank was used for starting. The drive to the rear wheel was transmitted via a belt transmission, with a tensioner. The fan-cooled engine is located in the frame on rubber spring elements. The motorcycle weighed 90 kg and depending on the gear engaged (one of the two) was reaching maximum speed 6 or 12 km/h.
In day 29 of August 1885 Gottlieb Daimler obtained a patent for its design. After a short test drive in the garden of his house and the quiet streets of Cannsttat, made the first longer ride on a three-kilometer route. It was not easy to balance at the relatively low speed, although the sprung auxiliary wheels helped, mounted on the sides of the motorcycle. Riding on wooden wheels on a rough road was not a pleasure, However, it allowed us to test the engine - the heart of future designs. After this experiment, Daimler put his “Reitwagen mit Petroleum Motor” and devoted himself to the production of motorized carriages - precursors of cars. The vehicle of Daimler "the father of the motorcycle” can be admired in the Daimler-Benz museum, in the city of Stuttgart-Unterturkheim.