Zündapp a motorcycle manufacturer
Zündapp company, founded in 1917 year in Nuremberg, początkowo znana jako Zünder-und Apparate-Bau GmbH, became interested in the production of motorcycles (like other well-known companies BMW and DKW) only after the First World War, or more precisely in 1921 year.
The first motorcycle, equipped with an engine 211 cm3 resembled English vehicles (specifically the Levis brand). After the two-stroke small class models 249 cm3 (with 1925 r.) i 298 cm3 (with 1929 r.) a large motorcycle with a Python single-cylinder power unit appeared, Rudge from England (it was a four-valve engine with OHC valve timing) with displacement 497 cm3. W 1932 Zündapp also produced two-stroke motorcycles 170 cm3, 198 cm3 i 348 cm3.
The new generation of Zündapp models was presented at the Berlin Motor Show in 1933 year. These were the designs of famous motorcycle makers - Richard and Xawer Kuchen. They had a pressed sheet metal frame, the engine is locked with a four-speed gearbox and the rear-wheel drive is driven by a shaft with joints. They were included in the production series: motorcycle with a single cylinder two-stroke displacement 198 cm3, vehicles with two-cylinder low-valve engines- and overhead valve (OHV) with displacement 398 cm3, 498 cm3 i 596 cm3 and a machine with a four-cylinder transverse engine with a capacity of 797 cm3.
The designer Albert Roder contributed to the increase in the supply of motorcycle models equipped with two-stroke engines in the second half of the 1930s., which the head of the company engaged, Fritz Neumayer.
Roder developed a new three-channel two-stroke engine for the Zundapp (200 cm3 or 350 cm3) for better cylinder filling, and therefore greater efficiency and power.
Just before the outbreak of World War II, the Zundapp production program was reduced from eight to five models. Post-war production is essentially two types of motorcycles: with a two-stroke engine with displacement 198 cm3 and 4-stroke push-pull engine - 598 cm3.
The post-war crisis in the motorcycle industry resulted, that the label focused on the production of small-scale motorcycles, and also mini cars. W 1958 Bosch took over the Nuremberg plant and Zundapp moved its production to the Munich plant, which also became his new headquarters.